Stratford Area Watershed Improvement Group

A Glimpse into the Exciting World of Watersheds on Prince Edward Island

Acadian Forest Species

Writers used to describe Prince Edward Island as a province covered with forests full of shade-dominant species; these species all serve a purpose within the forestry ‘scheme of things’, and are valuable to wildlife, industry, recreation etc. The Acadian Forest is home to 32 native tree species, and this doesn’t even include shrubs and wildflowers! Native species are so incredibly important because they are adapted to an area, Acadian forest trees and shrubs have evolved to survive in this ecosystem and have developed resilience to disturbances. They grow well in our soils, they know how to survive our seasons, and help sustain the life of our forest.

What species make up the Acadian Forest?

PEI may not have all of these species anymore, but with the help of watershed groups, woodlot owners, and homeowners, we can bring back as many of them as possible. Diversification is the goal of all responsible tree planters, organizations and forest owners; let’s work to get as many trees species growing in our forests as possible!


Hardwoods (deciduous):

American Beech

American Elm


White Birch

Yellow Birch

Grey Birch


Red Maple

Sugar Maple

Striped Maple

Mountain Maple

White Ash

Black Ash

Large-Toothed Aspen

Trembling Aspen

Red Oak

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White Spruce

Black Spruce

Red Spruce

Eastern Larch (juniper/tamarack)

Eastern White Pine

Red Pine

Eastern White Cedar

Eastern Hemlock

Balsam Fir

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Ground Hemlock

Highbush Cranberry


Wild Raisin

American Fly Honeysuckle

Common Elder


Wild Rose


Beaked Hazelnut

Bog Birch

Serviceberry (Saskatoon)

Witch Hazel

Alternate Leaf Dogwood

Red Osier Dogwood

Round-leaf Dogwood


Mountain Ash

Pin Cherry


Winterberry Holly

Staghorn Sumac


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Fall Brook Centre. (2009). Native Plant and Tree Species as Natural Water Filters. Retrieved from